CAA: Long wait of four years after being passed by Parliament, what is there in the notification of CAA? know everything

Posted on 12th Mar 2024 10:03 am by rohit kumar

More than four years after it was passed by Parliament, the rules related to the Citizenship Amendment Act have finally come into force. The Central Government also issued a notification in this regard. Through CAA, it will be easier for minorities belonging to Hindu, Sikh, Jain, Buddhist, Parsi, and Christian communities from Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Afghanistan to get Indian citizenship. In this news, we will tell you what is there in the rules of CAA issued by the government....


These are the rules

It is noteworthy that the Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2019 has been brought to give Indian nationality to undocumented non-Muslim immigrants who came to India before December 31, 2014, from Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Afghanistan. Non-Muslim immigrants include Hindus, Sikhs, Jains, Buddhists, Parsis and Christians.



Will have to apply online

To seek citizenship in India one has to apply online. In this, the applicant will have to tell how long he has been living in India. The notification issued by the Center states that those seeking Indian citizenship under the CAA will first have to spend at least 12 months in India. Only after this will they be eligible to apply for Indian citizenship. Not only this, out of the eight years before this one year, at least six years will have to be spent in India. It said that there is also a provision in the law that if any rule is violated, the registration of Overseas Citizen of India (OCI) cardholders can be canceled.


Will have to give up my old citizenship

The rules notified on Monday also state that applicants for Indian nationality will also have to state that they are renouncing their existing citizenship forever and that they wish to make India their 'permanent home'.


These people can take citizenship

The Citizenship Act, of 1955 governs who can obtain Indian citizenship and on what grounds. A person can become an Indian citizen if he is born in India has Indian parents has been living in the country for some time, etc. However, illegal immigrants are prohibited from obtaining Indian citizenship. An illegal migrant is a foreigner who: (i) enters the country without valid travel documents such as passport and visa, or (ii) enters with valid documents but overstays the permitted period.


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Illegal immigrants can be imprisoned or deported under the Foreigners Act, of 1946 and the Passport (Entry into India) Act, of 1920. The 1946 and 1920 Acts empowered the Central Government to regulate the entry, exit, and residence of foreigners within India. In 2015 and 2016, the Central Government issued two notifications exempting certain groups of illegal immigrants from the provisions of the 1946 and 1920 Acts. These groups are Hindus, Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains, Parsis, and Christians from Afghanistan, Bangladesh, and Pakistan who came to India on or before December 31, 2014. This means that these groups of illegal immigrants will not be deported.


The affidavit will have to be submitted

It says those seeking citizenship by naturalization must also submit an affidavit confirming the truthfulness of the statements made in the application. Along with this, an affidavit of an Indian citizen testifying to the character of the applicant will also have to be submitted.


Will have to take an oath of allegiance

Additionally, the notified rules also state that those seeking Indian nationality will have to take an oath of allegiance once the application is approved. Under this, they will take an oath to have true faith in the Indian Constitution and follow the laws here.


These documents will have to be submitted

Apart from this, the applicant for citizenship must submit his/her valid or expired foreign passport, residential permit, and proof of Indian nationality of the spouse, including a photocopy of the Indian passport birth certificate, or marriage certificate issued by the Marriage Registrar. Will happen. Although this is not mandatory.


More than 31 thousand will get citizenship immediately

With the implementation of the CAA, 31,313 people will immediately get citizenship under this law. In January 2019, the Joint Parliamentary Committee gave its report on the bill related to the law. It was reported that as of December 31, 2014, the number of non-Muslims coming from India, Pakistan and Bangladesh was 31,313. The maximum number of these people was 25,447 Hindus and 5,807 Sikhs. Apart from these, 55 Christians, 2 each from Buddhist and Parsi religions are also included. These are all those people who left the country and settled in India due to religious persecution.


Muslims were not included

Those opposing CAA say that Muslims have been discriminated against in this law. He says that when citizenship is to be given then why is it being given based on religion and why Muslims were not included in it? Responding to this, the government then said that Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Afghanistan are Islamic countries and non-Muslims there are persecuted based on religion. For this reason, non-Muslims have fled from here to India. Therefore only non-Muslims have been included in it.


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